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Spinach is a native plant of Persia (modern day Iran). It was introduced to China in the 7th century. It was most probably brought to Europe in about the 12th century and to the US in 1806.


Crunchy Spinach and Beet Salad



  • 1.5 kg vine tomatoes
  • 4 cloves of garlic
  • 3 fresh bay leaves
  • 5 fresh thyme sprigs
  • 1 splash of red wine vinegar
  • 400 g dried rigatoni
  • extra virgin olive oil
  • 80 g ricotta salata cheese
  • optional: ½ a bunch of fresh basil (15g)


  • Preheat the oven to 200ºC/400ºF/gas 6. Put the tomatoes on a large baking tray, and season with sea salt and black pepper. Scatter over the unpeeled garlic cloves, thyme sprigs and bay leaves, then transfer to the oven and roast for 25 minutes, or until the tomato skins are burnished and split.
  • Let the tomatoes cool for a minute or two, then pull them off the vines and place in a frying pan with a splash of red wine vinegar and a pinch more salt and pepper.
  • Squeeze the garlic into the pan, discarding the skins. Squash with a spoon and simmer for 15 minutes, or until you have a thick, strawberry-red sauce with an almost creamy consistency. Remove and discard the thyme sprigs and bay.
  • Meanwhile, cook the rigatoni in a pan of boiling salted water according to the packet instructions. Drain, reserving a mugful of starchy cooking water.
  • Toss the pasta into the sauce, loosening with a little reserved cooking water, if needed.
  • Drizzle over a good lug of extra virgin olive oil, finely grate over the ricotta and pick over the basil leaves (if using).

Fun and Surprising Facts

  • March 26th is National Spinach Day.
  • Spinach is best eaten fresh. It loses nutritional properties with each passing day.
  • Although refrigeration slows the deterioration, half of the major nutrients are lost by the eighth day after harvest.
  • There are many varieties of spinach, though they mostly fall into three distinct groups: Savoy (Dark green, crinkly and curly leaves.
  • The spinach growing town of Crystal City, Texas, erected a statue of Popeye in 1937.
  • Spinach grows best in cool (not freezing) moist conditions, such as spring and autumn, and grows well in sandy soils.
  • Medieval artists extracted green pigment from spinach to use as an ink or paint

nutritional information

  • Serving Size: 2 cups (85 g)
  • Calories 20
  • Fat 0 g
  • Sodium 75 mg
  • Potassium 450 mg
  • Carbohydrate 3 g
  • Fibre 2 g
  • Sugars 0 g
  • Protein 2 g
  • Vitamin A 70%
  • Vitamin C 35%
  • Iron 15%